Broward College Graves Museum Collection
Carol Jacobs Ammonite Collection
(Housed permanently at the Museum of Discovery and Science in downtown Fort Lauderdale.)
Ammonoids are a group of extinct marine animals in the subclass Ammonoidea of the class Cephalopoda. These molluscs, commonly referred to as ammonites, are more closely related to living coleoids (i.e., octopuses, squid, and cuttlefish) than they are to shelled nautiloids such as the living Nautilus species. The earliest ammonites appeared during the Devonian, and the last species vanished in the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event or shortly after during the Danian epoch of the Paleocene.
Ammonites are excellent index fossils, and linking the rock layer in which a particular species or genus is found to specific geologic time periods is often possible. Their fossil shells usually take the form of planispirals, although some helically spiraled and nonspiraled forms (known as heteromorphs) have been found.
Ammonites (subclass Ammonoidea) can be distinguished by their septa, the dividing walls that separate the chambers in the phragmocone, by the nature of their sutures where the septa join the outer shell wall, and in general by their siphuncles.
While nearly all nautiloids show gently curving sutures, the ammonoid suture line (the intersection of the septum with the outer shell) is variably folded, forming saddles (“peaks” that point towards the aperture) and lobes (“valleys” which point away from the aperture).